In the early 1960s digital computers became available to artists for the first time
(although they cost from $100.000 to several millions, required air conditioning, and therefore located in separate computer rooms, uninhabitable 'studios';
programs and data had to be prepared with the keypunch, punch cards then fed into the computer;systems were not interactive and could produce only still images).
The output medium was usually a pen plotter, microfilm plotter (hybrid bwn vector CRT
and a raster image device), line printer or an alphanumeric printout, which was then manually transferred into a visual medium.
source: translab: algorithm & code / vi. visual aesthetics in early computing (1950-80)
Stan Vanderbeek and Kenneth Knowlton-Poemfield no.2 (05:49)
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